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Saturday, 07 July 2012 16:36

Profile of Iran

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Iran is widely renowned for the rich diversity of its landscape, climates, customs, and people's lifestyles. If it had no other claim to respect, at least a continuous history of 2500 years is a distinction that few countries can exhibit. Iran is an incredible place to visit. Beautiful landscape such as lure of steep mountains, coastlines, and endless, rolling desert is fabulous. On the other hand More than a million historical sites exist in Iran and it is obvious that even the most interesting ones can be visited only after numerous trips to this country. 

Formerly known as Persia, Iran is a country located in southwest Asia, a huge land of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Elburz to the north. Its neighbors are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, and Turkey and Iraq on the west. Tehran is the capital, the country's largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

Iran At a glance (General Info):

Capital (and largest city):  Tehran

                                          35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417

Official language(s):       Persian (Farsi)

Spoken languages:         Persian, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Balochi, Gilaki, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Government:                    Islamic republic

                                        - Supreme Leader Ayatullah Al-Uzma Seyed Ali Khamenei

                                        - President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

                                        - First Vice President Mohammad-Reza Rahimi

                                        - Speaker of the Parliament Ali Larijani

                                        - Chief Justice Sadeq Larijani

Legislature :                      Islamic Consultative Assembly

Unification:                    - Median Empire 625 BC

                                        - Safavid Empire 1501

                                        - Islamic Republic 1 April 1979

                                        - Current constitution 24 October 1979

Area:                               - Total 1,648,195 km2 (18th) or  636,372 sq mi

                                        - Water (%) 0.7

Population:                    - 2011 estimate 75,330,000 (17th)

                                        - 2010 census 74,700,000

                                        - Density 45/km2 (163rd) or 116.6/sq mi

GDP (PPP)                      2010 estimate

                                        - Total $818.653 billion

                                        - Per capita $10,864

GDP (nominal)                2010 estimate

                                         - Total $357.221 billion

                                         - Per capita $4,740

Gini (2008)                          38 (medium)

HDI (2010)                          increase 0.702 (high) (70th)

Currency:                             Rial (ريال) (IRR)

Time zone:                          - IRST (UTC+3:30)

                                           -Summer (DST) Iran Daylight Time (IRDT) (UTC+4:30)

Drives on the :                    Rright

Calling code :                       98

 

Read 1945 times Last modified on Tuesday, 11 September 2018 11:37