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Iran is widely renowned for the rich diversity of its landscape, climates, customs, and people's lifestyles. If it had no other claim to respect, at least a continuous history of 2500 years is a distinction that few countries can exhibit. Iran is an incredible place to visit. Beautiful landscape such as lure of steep mountains, coastlines, and endless, rolling desert is fabulous. On the other hand More than a million historical sites exist in Iran and it is obvious that even the most interesting ones can be visited only after numerous trips to this country. 

Formerly known as Persia, Iran is a country located in southwest Asia, a huge land of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Elburz to the north. Its neighbors are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, and Turkey and Iraq on the west. Tehran is the capital, the country's largest city and the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, and holds an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

Iran at a glance
Official Name
Islamic Republic of Iran 

Head of State
Supreme leader: Ayatollah khamenei

President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani

National Day
11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)

Capital
Tehran

Area
1,648,196 sq kmLand

Boundaries
4,137 km

Sea Boundaries:2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
River Boundaries:1,918 km

Border Countries
Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Natural Resources
Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur 

Agricultural Products
Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.

Population
79.109.272 million(
Growth rate1.2%)


Religions
Muslim 99.56%, Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish 0.44%

Languages
Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic

Literacy 
Total 84.2%

Currency
Rial (IRR)

Railways Networks 
8.442 km - Rank 24  in the world 

Road Networks 
198.866km - Rank 26 in the world 

Inflation rate
8.4 % (2017) 

Economic Growth
12.5 % (2017)

Official language(s)
Persian (Farsi)

Spoken languages
Persian, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Balochi, Gilaki, Arabic, Turkmen, Armenian, Assyrian Neo-AramaicGovernment

Population
2018 estimate 80,330,000 

Time zone
IRST (UTC+3:30),Summer (UTC+4:30)

Drives on the
Rright

Calling code
+98  

 

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