situated in a plain surrounded by two mountain ranges offering a mild climate and magnificently impressive gardens to this city,Shiraz, is one of Iran's oldest cities and the fourth biggest in the country, it has been the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty and hosts quite a few interesting historical sites.
the provincial capital of Fars, is known as the cultural capital of Iran,as well as the "City of roses and poets". this city is the heart of Iran’s history and a center of the rich Persian literary heritage. Shiraz has been the cradle of civilization and art for many centuries. some famous philosophers, thinkers and poets produced their masterpieces in this beautiful city. . Shiraz is known as the city of flowers and nightingales, referring to its beautiful gardens and two very famous poets; Sa'di and Hafez. There are quite a few beautiful mosques and other historical buildings showing the fantastic architecture, tile works and mirror works of Zand and Qajar era.
Although the exact date of its construction is unknown, many stories about Eram Garden of Shiraz have been written in travelogues of western travelers who passed by Shiraz in 17th and 18th Centuries. According to authentic historical documents, the garden was built during the Seljuk Era following the order of Sultan Sanjar, but this was not the end, and in later centuries, Shiraz rulers restored various parts of it.
In Qajar era (19th C) during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah, the garden became part of the royal estate and was given to the rulers of Shiraz, therefore a new mansion was designed and founded by Hussein Ali Khan Nasir al-Molk.
Two unique features of the Eram Garden of Shiraz are the variety of vegetation and the architecture employed in construction of Mansion which follows a complex of different styles such as Achamenid pillar capitals, Zandieh architecture and Qajar external tile work decorations.
one of the most colorful mosques of Iran with one of the most beautiful tile work and architecture typical from the Qajar era with extensive colored glass wrok in its decoration. The mosque was built in 1888 by Nasir al Mulk a famous Qajar prince.
The famous poet Saadi's (Sadi, Sa-di) Mausoleum. Marble tomb dates from 1860s, an octagonal shaped building, walls inscribed with Saadi's poems in tile. Saadi, the poet and mystic of 13th century AD, is recognized not only for the quality of his writing, but also for the depth of his social thoughts. The following poem of Saadi is inscribed at the entrance to the Hall of Nations of the UN building in New York:
Of One Essence is the Human Race,
Thusly has Creation put the Base.
One Limb impacted is sufficient,
For all Others to feel the Mace.
The Unconcerned with Others' Plight,
Are but Brutes with Human Face.
Naranjestan Ghavam, Shiraz, Iran. Built 1879-1886, was the residance of governer of Fars province in Qajar period (19th century) . Significantly represent Iranian Architecture during Qajar era. Since 1998, the complex is used by the faculty of Art and Architecture of Shiraz University.
A traditional bazar built in 18th century. It comprises arched alcoves with wide platforms in between, and seventy-four high and well-proportioned arches sustaining the roof, and there is a high domed crossing, where the east and west bazars diverge from the main bazar. Vakil Bazar is ranked among the most colorful bazars of middle east.
A former palace built in 1863, which is currently housing the Weapon museum.Originally Golshan Garden, constructed at the request of Mohammed Khan Qavamol-Molk about two hundred years ago. The current main building was constructed by Mirza Ali Mohammadkhan Ghawam II in 1863. After his death the garden was eventually inheritted by a lady called Afifeh, thus being called Afif Abad.
Quran Gate locally known as Darvazeh Ghor-an, is the ancient gated entrance to Shiraz from north. Zand king, Karim Khan added a room at the top of the gateway to house a holy Quran so travelers leaving the city, passed under the Quran to be blessed for a safe trip! The complex also includes tomb of Khaju-ye Kermani, teacher of Hafez and a court poet contemporary to Sa-di. The view of Shiraz is breathtaking from this spot!