The dynastic capital of Pasargadae was built by Cyrus the Great during 6th century BC with contributions from different peoples of the empire created by him. It became a fundamental phase in the evolution of the classic Persian art and architecture. With its palaces, gardens, and the tomb of the founder of the dynasty, Cyrus the Great, Pasargadae represents exceptional testimony to the Achaemenid civilisation in Persia. The 'Four Gardens' type of royal ensemble created in Pasargadae became a prototype for Western Asian architecture and design.Pasargadae is located in the plain on the river Polvar, in the heart of Pars, the homeland of the Persians. The position of the town is also denoted in its name: 'the camp of Persia'.
The core zone of this outstanding ensemble of palaces is surrounded by a large landscape buffer zone containing several monuments: the tomb of Cyrus the Great is built by white limestone around 540-530 BCE. The chamber on the top,is in form of a simple gable house with a small opening from the west.side In the medieval period, the monument was thought to be the tomb of Solomon's mother. A small prayer niche (mihrab ) was carved in the tomb chamber. a small mosque was built around it by using columns from the remains of the ancient palaces, which was in use until the 14th century,the tomb became a place of pilgrimage.during 10th century, In the 1970s during a restoration , the remains of the mosque were taken back to the place they belong to, and the ancient fragments were deposited close to their original location.
The Tall-e Takht built In later periods refers to the great fortified terrace platform on a hill at the northern limit of Pasargadae. This limestone structure is built from dry masonry, using large regular stone blocks and a jointing technique called anathyrosis, which was known in Asia Minor in the 6th century. The first phase of the construction was built by Cyrus the Great, halted at his death in 530 BCE. The second phase was built under Darius the Great (522-486 BCE), using mud brick construction.
The royal ensemble occupying the central area of Pasargadae consists of several palaces originally located within a garden ensemble (the so-called 'Four Gardens'). The colour scheme of the architecture is given by the black and white stones used in its structure. The main hall of the palaces is formed of a hypostyle hall, to which are attached porticoes. The Audience Hall was built around 539 BCE. Its hypostyle hall has two rows of four columns. The base of column are in black stone however the column shafts are from white limestone. The capitals were in black stone. There is evidence of a capital representing a hybrid, horned and crested lion. The palace had a portico on each side. Some of the bas-reliefs of the doorways are preserved, showing human figures and monsters.
The Residential Palace of Cyrus II was built 535-530 BCE; its hypostyle hall has five rows of six columns. The Gate House stands at the eastern limit of the core zone. It is a hypostyle hall with a rectangular plan. In one of the door jambs is the famous relief of the 'winged figure'.
Left: Imaginative Pasargadae gardens reconstruction Image excavated irrigation water channels Right: Excavated irrigation channels of Pasargadae gardens