Tabriz ,the fourth most populated city in Iran after Tehran, Mashhad & Isfahan with a population of 1,559,00, is the largest for Iranian Turk people. Discovered bodies from excavates around Blue mosque of Tabriz proves that the city is at least 3000 years old. Most of Tabrizi people speak "Azerbaijani Turkish" language but there is an Armenian minority who speaks Armenian language.
Tabriz was Iran's capital during the dynasties of Kara Koyunlu, Ak Koyunlu & Safavides (the first capital of Shia Islam in the world) and was Iran's crown predominantly during Qajar dynasty.
Tabriz is known as the city of "The Firsts" because many of inventions and innovations were done in Tabriz for the first time in Iran. The first printery, library, cinema, preschool, school, the deaf and dumb school, modern coin, bill, chamber of commerce, municipality, telephone, power plant, fire department, were stablished in Tabriz for the first time in Iran.
El means ‘people’ and Gol means ‘pool’ in Turkish language. Therefore, El Goli means a pool that belongs to people, El Goli Park is the leading touristic pole of Tabriz due to its natural beauties. The awesome feeling of walking in the nice and fresh coolness of this park can never be compared to any other landmarks of Tabriz. El Goli Park is facilitated with a various range of entertaining equipments and nice cafes.
The water in the pool acted as a source for watering the gardens around the Eastern region of Tabriz.
Il Goli Park or Shah Goli Park is located in the southeastern part of Tabriz.
This nice pool was built during the reign of Aq Qoyunlu Dynastythe,later in Safavid era, The pool was emptied of water and was filled with pebbles, sand, and the waste produced in the surrounding area. Quite the contrary, much care was given to El Goli Park in Qajar era. Some routes were constructed around the pool for the ease of walking. Many trees of different kinds were also planted for the sake of beauty. The two-storey mansion was also built in the center of the pool upon the command of the ruler of the time.
Its architecture follows the same rules and basis of Persian gardens: A pool or lake with a mansion in its center and a garden with dense trees around.
Blue Mosque of Tabriz (Masjed-e Kabud)
The Blue Mosque or Jahan Shah Mosque is one of the architectural masterpieces of the Islamic era.
The mosaics on the very high transom of the mosque and the architectural features of the building have attracted the attention of visitors and archaeologists throughout history so that it is called the “Turquoise of Islam”.
The construction of the mosque has been built under the supervision of the wife of Abol Mozaffar Jahan Shah ibn Qara Yusuf, the leader of Qara Qoyunlu.
The earthquake of 1779 destroyed the Blue Mosque of Tabriz. The architects rebuilt it. Furthermore, in 1966, Mr.Reza Memaran, a skilled Iranian architect, reconstructed the mosque.
The dome of the Blue Mosque is one of the greatest brickworks of Islamic architects of the 15th century; the division of the dome’s weight on its numerous foundations has made it one of the finest examples of architecture in its time.
Mosaic of the Blue Mosque is an example of the feat of Timurid architecture. The dome-shaped arches of the mosque and its minarets with special decorations reflect the Timurid architecture. Motifs and wall designs on the gypsy surface and outstanding mosaics by using Muqarnas as the ornament represent the unique manifestation of the architecture of this era.
Many engineers worked to build this mosque. The architecture of this magnificent building with its dome-shaped Shabestan and lateral chambers shows that the architects were expert in geometry, art, and mathematics.
The bazar of Tabriz is an example of the Iranian traditional marketplace, located in the city center of Tabriz, which is an important city on the Silk Road; the Bazaar of Tabriz is the most important trade center for both the locals of the city and the north-western region of Iran. In fact, the long history of the Bazaar can be assumed based on its contribution to the Silk Road. The bazar has been visited by many notable travelers such as Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta, Chardin, John Cartwright, etc.,. This bazaar was the first bazaar in the whole world listed as the UNESCO World Heritage site in 2010.
The huge bazaar of Tabriz covers marketplaces an area of more than 1-kilometer square meters. It stretches to the Ali Qapu mansion in the east, the congregational mosque of Tabriz in the west, and Meydan Chayi river in the south. This spectacular grand bazaar has been formed by many smaller bazaars and each bazaar contains several halls called "Timcheh". Mozaffariyeh is the most beautiful Timcheh of Tabriz bazar and is dedicated to carpet trading.there are also many mosques and religious schools in the bazar.
The original 11th-century construction of the bazaar has been renovated and expanded during different eras, especially after the earthquake of Tabriz in 1779; the bazaar was reconstructed by the ruler of the time, Najaf Qoli Khan Donboli.
Qara kelisa or the St. Thaddeus Church, is located in Chaldoran, northwestern and is one of the oldest and most notable surviving Christian monuments of Iran .this beautiful church carries great significance for Iran’s Armenian Orthodox community.
Armenians believe that Qara Kelisa is the world's first church and was built in 68 BC by one of the apostles of Jesus, Saint Thaddeus, who traveled to Armenia, then part of the Persian Empire, to preach the teachings of Christ.
Qare Kelisa is composed of two parts: a black structure, the original building of the church from which it takes its name and a white structure, the main church, which was added to the original building's western wing in 1810 CE.
There is an ancient chapel two kilometers northwest of the church which is said to have been the place where the first Christian woman, Sandokh, was martyred. This chapel is believed to be as old as Qara Kelisa.
Holding the Qara Kelisa (black church) Complex annual religious ceremony of Armenians known as Badarak is the symbol of religious minorities' freedom in exercising their rituals in the Islamic Republic of Iran.