An ancient oasis town, famous for its intricately woven carpets, and a particular favourite of Abbas the Great, the 16th-century Shah responsible for so much of Iran’s finest architecture. Kashan (Alt.945 m) (270 km from Tehran).Located on the rim of the central Salt Desert, it dates back to prehistoric times. Kashan means, “summer houses built by wood and reeds. It is the city of carpets, velvets, glazed tiles, pottery and Distillation of Roses for making rosewater.
it would be a lost not to visit Kashan and explore its old houses. Make sure you spend at least half a day to explore Kashan historical houses. There are even some of them converted to hotels(beautiful but costly), where you can stay in and feel how it has been to live in one of these residential buildings.
During the 18th and 19th century the prosperous merchants of Kashan were after building bigger and more luxurious houses to quench their wishes and suit their culture.Therefore, local architects’ knowledge and efficiency helped the accumulated wealth to create masterpieces which we call Kashan historical houses today.
One of the earliest settlements of the ancient people in Iranian plateau has been in Kashan, Isfahan province. Discovering Sialk Historical Mound in the region is the proof of this theory. Most of the historical houses of Kashan are from 18th and 19th century which recently have been restored for the visitors.
Fin garden is a beautiful 16th-century Persian garden with natural springs, constructed by Shah Abbas.The Bagh-i-Shah of Fin is a palace that combines the architectural features of the Safavid, Zandiyeh and Qajar periods. It is an ancient garden with numerous old oak and beach trees, tall cypresses, pools, abundant water-supply (Cheshmeh Sulaimani), with numerous spouts and an old historical bathing-house.
Perhaps if Amir Kabir's assassination in 1852 did not happen at Kashan's Fin Garden, people would rarely have known this garden and about its famous Bath. History books have quoted that prior to the current bath and garden at this site, it was during the reign of Al-e-buyeh dynasty (13th c) , when initial design of garden was done by Ghiasuddin Jamshid Kashani. Later it was completely destroyed by earthquake and once again by the Mongol invasion, until it was restored in the Safavid era in occasion of King Ismail's coronation and later designed by Sheikh Bahai to become a popular pleasure spot for Sefevid royal family.
consisting of two large iwans, one in front of the mihrab and the other by the entrance and two courts in the middle which comprises a garden with trees and a fountain,Agha bozorg mosque mosque has been described as "the finest Islamic complex in Kashan and one of the best of the mid-19th century".
The most eye-catching feature of this place is definitely its blue and turquoise tiles which are tactfully and beautifully placed next to each other to form interesting Persian geometric architecture.
this beautiful building is still used as a Madrase in which young students can be seen studying in the second courtyard.
Sialk Historical Mounds
dating back 6 millennia.Approximately 4,500 years BC., a civilisation was settled in this area and their tools were of stone and bone. There is a possibility that the former residents of this region had succumbed to their successors. Here, Elamite slabs of clay have been found, and due to the links of this community with that of the civilisation of Shoosh (Susa), about 5,500 years ago, they learned to write. Thereby, several clay slabs with the most ancient Elamite script are vestiges of this area. Evidences found in the cemetery between the two hillocks are related to the fresh immigrants to the Sialk Hill, which bears a strong resemblance to the discoveries in the Giyan Hillock of Nahavand and Khordin of Savoj Bollaq.
Spring Ceremony of Distillation of Rosewater
Kashan Province is also famous for its rosewater, which is the product of Qamsar, Niyasar and Barzook, smaller towns of Kashan province, and the three main producers of rosewater for over 800 years. In spring, The Ceremony of Rosewater Distillation (Marasem-e-Golabgiri), flower picking (Golchini) and extraction of rosewater (Golabgiri), starts when rose buds begin to open, usually mid May to early June. In this season, the whole town is filled with the aroma of roses and rosewater.All families and out siders helps for picking roses from early morning till evening. Every year the festival of rose and rosewater is held in the towns of Qamsar, Niyasar and Barzook. In the evenings music is played and people sing till midnight, to entertain the visitors and tourists, and to sooth the weary gardeners and their families. The festival is truly worth visiting.