Mt Damavand (5760m) is the most prominent natural feature of Iran looming majestically near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. It has a narrow summit crater with permanent snow-cap which is surrounded by many beautiful peaks of the “Alborz” Mountain Range.
Mt Damavand is visible far from 250km in a clear sky. Just below its crater there are few famous glaciers such as “Yakhar”, “Sioleh” and” Dob”i Sel. This majestic peak is located about 80 km north east of capital city Tehran, midway the “Haraz” Road. Damavand Mountain is a silent dormant volcano in a shape similar to Fujiyama of Japan but much greater. Its snowy white top with its regular clouds is one of the most beautiful sights of Iran. There has been no eruption reported throughout it's history, so it is sometimes regarded as an extinct volcano. There are some hot springs on its lower slopes like Larijan village. At the summit there is a crater about 150-200 meters across, with a lot of yellow sulfurous rocks and pumice stones.
At about 5400 meters high, there are also some sulfuric gas making a little problem for climbers. Snow covers the crater and upper slopes in winter, spring and autumn. Because of its great height, the view from top is very extensive, a big panorama of mountains and valley covering many hundred of square Kilometers. All around are other peaks of the Alborz Mountain Range, in the north to the Caspian Sea plain and in the south descending to the deserts of central Iran. It is the highest peak of Iran and Middle East and the highest if you travel from Europe eastward to Iran.
When to Go?
Mid June to mid September is the best climbing season for Damavand. During this period the footpaths are usually free of snow and the weather is relatively mild. But in winter climbing is almost impossible due to low temperature and heavy winds.
How to Go?
There are at least 16 known paths to the summit which have different difficulties, The most popular one is the Southern Route with excellent mountain resort which has step stamps and also a camp midway called Bargah-e Sevom Camp/Shelter at 4220m (about 13,845 ft). Most mountaineers prefer to climb from the classic South route. Ordinary mountaineering gears are enough for summer ascends to Damavand from south face.
Damavand Tour Itinerary - 5 days
Day 1: Drive to Polour - overnight stay in Polour.
Day 2: Trekking - overnight stay in Goosfandsara (base camp)
Day 3: Climbing to camp 2 - overnight stay in Bargahe-e Sevvom (4220m)
Day 4: Climbing to the Damavand peak and return back Bargahe-e Sevvom.
Day 5: Drive to Tehran via Larijan thermal water spa resort.
Skiing Tour Itinerary - 7 days
Day 1: Arrival, transfer to hotel in Tehran.
Day 2: Full day skiing at Tochal Ski resort in northern Tehran- O/N Tochal
Day 3: Transfer to Shemshak, Full day skiing at Shemshak Ski resort - O/N Shemshak
Day 4: Drive to Darbandsar, Full day skiing at Darband-Sar, drive back to Shemshak - O/N Shemshak
Day 5: Transfer to Dizin, half day skiing at Dizin ski resort - O/N Dizin
Day 6: Full day skiing at Dizin Ski resort - O/N Dizin
Day 7: Drive back to Tehran (120 km), sightseeing in Tehran/ Departure