Born in Nishabur in Khorasan. philosophy, jurisprudence, history, mathematics, medicine and astronomy were among the subjects mastered by him. Khayyam moved to Sanmargand, Esfahan and Merv in his life. this brilliant scientist is famous today not only for his scientific accomplishment but for his literary works. He is perhaps the best known Persian poet in the west by fitzgerald`s translation of his rubaiyat.
Khayyam died in 1123 in nishabur and his tomb is there.
Ferdowsi was born around 950 in a village in Khorasan. he is believed to have been a landowner, deriving a comfortable income from his estate. he received a fine education, concentrated on Persian literature and Iranian mythology.
Shahname (the book of kings),a poem of 60,000 couplets, occupied him for 35 years. he completed his great poem in 1010 and presented it to sultan Mahmoud, the Qaznavid king. Iranians regard the Shahname as their greatest epic poem which preserves for posterity their country s past in sonorous and majestic verse. the stories of the Shahname are inseparable from Iranian cultural life, and are constant source of inspiration for Iranian art.
Ferdowsi is buried in Toos, Khorasan of Iran.
Jalal al-din Mohammad Rumi, also known as Molana or Mowlavi, is one of the greatest Persian poets and soufi mystics. he was born in 1207 in Balkh. when he was 12, his family, fleeing from Mongol invasion, moved to Konya in Anatolia. he got lots of spiritual education in Balkh, Aleppo and Damascus from some of the greatest religious minds of the time.
He has some great poem books which are known as divan-e shams-e tabrizi, masnavi-ye manavi(the spiritual couplets),Rubayat and…
Molavi died in Konya in 1273 and was buried beside his father in a splendid 13th century mausoleum. Rumi`s work is translated into many languages and is appearing is now one of the most widely-read poets in America.
Saadi was born in Shiraz around 1200.he was sent to Baghdad in his childhood to study at the Nezamyie college. Saadi traveled through many countries ,He wondered around Anatolia, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, India and north Africa. he reappeared in Shiraz as an elderly man and spent rest of his life there, his best known works are Boustan (the orchard) and Golestan (rose garden) in both prose and verse. One of his most famous sayings has prompted comparisons with the 17th-century English poet, John Donne:
The sons of Adam are limbs of one another
Created of the same stuff and none other
One limb by turne of time and fate distressed,
The others feel its pain and cannot rest.
Who unperturbed another's grief can scan
Is no more worthy of the name of man.
A version of this adornes the United Nations building in New York. Saadi's golden maxims are highly valued by the Iranians,who consider them treasures of real wisdom.
Saadi died at in 1292 in his hermitage where his tomb now stands.
Mohammad shams al-din Hafez (Hafiz) was born in 14th century. when he was still young he enjoyed a solid education in Persian literature, the sciences and Arabic. he was very well versed in Koranic sciences-hence his nom-de plume Hafez(one who has knows Koran by heart).
Hafez never left Shiraz , except for the trips he was forced to do.He was undoubtedly an eminent sufi, but he seems to rise above the narrow views of his coreligionists and to look upon the world from a wider point of view. His poetry is the embodiment of sensuality and free thinking on the one hand and of the highest mystical enthusiasm on the other.
Hafez is buried in Shiraz.